So, recently I’ve decided to rationalise a lot of my computing equipment at home to reduce the footprint of what I use and the power consumption associated with all the equipment.
I’ve got a series of USB Hard Drives, Raspberry Pis (x2) and ACER Revo (Atom based) and a Core2Duo DELL machine all having their own use. The raspberry pis, were a web/intranet server as well as an SSH access gateway, download device for large file downloads and a jenkins build server. The revo was a windows 7, then 8, then 10 remote desktop client when being access remotely. The core2duo machine is my development box where I build all the things I work on. I reckon I have 5 x USB hard drives which I’ve also yet to detangle/clean up.
My Revo finally died, which prompted me to do something about all the equipment as I needed to replace it.
After lots of deliberation, I decided to go all out, on a reasonably low powered, but highly performant intel i7 NUC.
My shopping list was as follows:
- Intel NUC5i7RYH Amazon Link
- HyperX 16GB Low Voltage (1.35V) Ram (1600 MHz DDR3L CL9 SODIMM) Amazon Link
- HyperX Predator 240GB M.2 SSD Amazon Link
- I’d also got a 160GB SATA 2.5″ Drive going spare from the Revo
On arrival, it’s pretty painless to get into the barebones NUC to install the RAM/SSD, basically unscrew the four screws on the feet and pull off the panel. Adding the RAM is easy. The M.2 drive slightly more painful just as you have to screw it down and it’s a bit fiddly, but still painless.
And that was it – all ready to go.
OS of choice VMWare ESXi6 Open Source edition.
After downloading and registering/getting the key from vmware, it was put onto a USB drive to boot, which I used Rufus (https://rufus.akeo.ie/) to create. Of course, this fails as VMWare is missing the Sata-xahci drivers/etc.
I followed the instructions here, replicated for posterity.
- Download and install vSphere PowerCLI 6.0 (Link) to use the Image Builder.
This requires an account at vmware.com.
If you are not entitled to download PowerCLI, register for an evaluation.
- Download required packages (Place both files in C:\esx)
ESXi 6.0 Offline Bundle (VMware-ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-depot.zip) Link
Sata-xahci Offline Bundle (Provided by v-front.de) Link
- Open VMware vSphere PowerCLI
- Enter the following commands:
New-EsxImageProfile -CloneProfile "ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-standard" -name "ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-NUC" -Vendor "pembo.co.uk" -AcceptanceLevel "CommunitySupported"
Add-EsxSoftwarePackage -ImageProfile "ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-NUC" -SoftwarePackage "sata-xahci"
Export-ESXImageProfile -ImageProfile "ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-NUC" -ExportToISO -filepath ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-NUC.iso
Export-ESXImageProfile -ImageProfile "ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-NUC" -ExportToBundle -filepath ESXi-6.0.0-2494585-NUC.zip
- Use the ISO/Zip created to install VMWare on the NUC, using rufus to create a bootable USB Drive.
- Install VMWare onto either the USB Drive you booted from, or in my case the 160GB SATA Drive
- At this point the M.2 drive does not show. Of course, someone has had the issue before here, replicated again
- Adding the M.2 NVMe card. No problem, we can fix that. First step is to determine the PCI ID:
~ # lspci -v | grep storage -A 1
0000:00:1f.2 SATA controller Mass storage controller: Intel Corporation Wildcat Point-LP SATA Controller [AHCI Mode]
Class 0106: <strong>8086:9c83</strong>
- The numbers we are looking for are where the example shows 8086:9c83. We have to add the value returned to the AHCI driver map (/etc/vmware/driver.map.d/ahci.map). Unfortunately we can’t edit this file while ESXi is running. The changes have to be made to the file that is loaded during ESXi startup (/bootbank/sata_ahc.v00). Convert the file with vmtar, extract it, change the driver map and rebuild it to /bootbank/. To do that…
- Enable SSH from the ESXi host screen
- SSH to the ESXi host
- Run the following commands:
vmtar -x /bootbank/sata_ahc.v00 -o sata_ahc.tar
tar xvf sata_ahc.tar
echo "regtype=linux,bus=pci,id=8086:9c83 0000:0000,driver=ahci,class=storage" >> etc/vmware/driver.map.d/ahci.map
tar cvf sata_ahc.tar etc usr
vmtar -c sata_ahc.tar -o sata_ahc.vgz
mv sata_ahc.vgz /bootbank/sata_ahc.v00
Obviously substituting the 8086:9c83 with the value the previous command returned
- Reboot ESXi, and add the SSD storage
Next post in this series will be on my experiences/vms/usage/etc!
Thanks to virten.net and its contributors/authors for significant help in getting this going quickly!